Thousands of vulnerable children in England are being "left in limbo" because their needs are not severe enough, a charity has warned.
Action for Children estimates 140,000 children referred to social services over issues like drugs, alcoholism, domestic violence and neglect are not getting the help they need.
It says they often fall through the cracks as they are not at crisis point.
Ministers say their social care reforms will improve support.
Based on Freedom of Information requests from 141 local authorities in England, the report says: "These children have needs that are too great for schools, health or other universal services to meet on their own, but they are not eligible for support from statutory social care services.
"Our research suggests many are living in challenging family situations, affected by issues like domestic violence or substance misuse.